Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

”OCD” term is passive now as the average person can easily be display or suffer from a fair range of behaviours.

 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder commonly referred to as OCD, is an anxiety disorder, where a sufferer experiences obsessions and/or compulsions because of an underlying anxiety. Although the terms are increasingly used interchangeably, there is a distinct difference between obsessions and compulsions:

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Obsessions

Obsessions are continuous, seemingly unmanageable thoughts and impulses which constantly flood the mind.  A sufferer may well be aware that the thoughts are pointless or nonsensical, but nevertheless feels powerless to stop them. The pervasiveness of these obsessive thoughts nearly always inhibits the sufferer’s ability to go about his or her everyday business to their full potential – he or she may well “get by”, but it’s an uphill struggle to manage life alongside the intrusive nature of the unwanted thoughts.

Compulsions

Compulsions are repetitive behaviours or mental acts which attempt to neutralize the existing feeling of anxiety. The impact of compulsions on daily life is even worse than that of obsessions, as the necessity of carrying out the compulsion, possibly repeatedly over a number of hours may markedly interfere with other daily functions and roles.

Fear on infection or contamination can lead a person to repeatable wash their hands.  

Common Examples of Obsessions:

  • Contamination

  • Safety and security

  • Doubting

  • Blasphemy

  • Self-exposure

  • Sexual thoughts, urges or images

  • Violent thoughts, urges or images

Common Examples of Compulsions:

  • Cleanliness, avoidance of contamination

  • Tidiness

  • Hoarding

  • Order and symmetry

  • Hyper vigilance

  • Self-harm

  • Rituals, mental and physical